人々が健康で安心して働ける労働環境を目指して97年…

労働科学 90巻6号

印刷

城内 博, ククエコ マリア テレシータ, タ ゴー チヨウ
GHS実施状況に関する比較調査 欧州,米国およびアジア(フィリピン,マレーシア,日本)
労働科学,90(6),209~220,(2014)
 化学品の分類および表示に関する世界調和システム(GHS)が2003年に国連勧告として発行された。その後多くの国々がこれの実施に取り組んでいるが,その時期や適用範囲は国によって異なる。フィリピン,マレーシアおよび日本での労働分野におけるGHSの実施状況を欧州連合および米国と比較した。調査,分析した内容は,所管官庁,適用法令,導入時期,罰則,分類対象化学品,適用除外項目などである。GHSの実施方法は国によって異なり,既存の法令に大きく左右されることが明らかになった。GHSは強制力を持たない勧告であり,適用にも柔軟性が認められていることがその理由として挙げられる。本調査結果は今後GHSを実施する国々に有益な情報になると考える。
キーワード:GHSの実施,フィリピン,マレーシア,日本

Hiroshi Jonai, Ma. Teresita Cucueco, Goh Choo Ta
Comparative Analysis: The GHS implementation in EU, USA and Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, and Japan)
THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE OF LABOUR, 90 (6), 209-220, (2014)
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) was issued as United Nations Recommendations in 2003. The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) encouraged countries to implement the GHS as soon as possible with a view to having the system fully operational by 2008. Since then, many countries all over the world have implemented or are preparing to implement the system. The pace and extent of global implementation of the GHS, though, have been noted to be uneven and diverse. The status of the implementation of the GHS in the workplace in the Philippines, Malaysia and Japan was studied and compared with that in the EU and the USA. Comparisons focused on the provisions of the regulatory system including accountability and penalty; target chemicals; target audience; and hazards exempted from classification. The approaches to implement the GHS varied according to the countries and the implementation, to a larger extent, would depend on existing regulatory systems. Because the GHS, by its form and intent, is recommendatory, the scope and extent of the GHS implementation in every country around the world will not be the same at any given. This paper would be helpful for the countries to consider the implementation of the GHS.
Key Words: GHS, Implementation, Philippines, Malaysia, Japan

松田文子, 安部一祐, 飯塚正之, 矢野透, 佐野禎彦, 多々良哲也, 易強, 榎原毅
軽度要介護者の足こぎ車いすによる足こぎ運動が歩行能力の低下抑制に与える効果
労働科学,90(6),221~225,(2014)
 本研究は,足こぎ車いすの利用が高齢者の歩行能力低下抑制につながるかを検証したものである。調査は,車いすの初期利用者で,杖などを使用すれば自力歩行可能な高齢者(主に介護度1,2の軽度要介護者)を対象に,6週間にわたって実施した。その結果,通常のリハビリに加えて,継続的に足こぎ車いす運動を行った群(介入群)は,通常のリハビリのみを行った群(対照群)に比べ,歩行時間が短縮する傾向が示された。足こぎ車いすの利用効果は4週以降現れ始め,6週時点で,介入群の歩行時間は,対照群に比べ有意に短くなった。足こぎ車いす運動を,通常のリハビリに付加することは,歩行能力の低下抑制のみならず歩行能力の改善に一定の効果が見込める可能性が示唆された。
キーワード: 足こぎ車いす; 歩行能力; 介護; リハビリ; 高齢者

Fumiko MATSUDA, Ichiyu ABE, Masayuki IIZUKA, Toru YANO, Yoshihiko SANO, Tetsuya TATARA, Tsuyoshi Yi YOTO, Takeshi EBARA
Lower-limb pedaling movements on a pedal wheelchair can contribute to preventing the decline in walking ability of persons in need of nursing care
THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE OF LABOUR, 90 (6), 221-225, (2014)
This study examined the effect of using a pedal wheelchair on counteracting a further decline in walking ability of the elderly. The study conducted over a period of six weeks investigated the changes in walking ability of elderly persons in the initial stage of using a wheelchair, being able to walk independently with the help of a walking stick or another aid (primarily those corresponding to nursing care level 1 or 2). Intervention of these participants revealed that a group that continuously exercised on a pedal wheelchair tended to be able to walk a certain distance in a shorter time than a control group involved solely in regular rehabilitation activities. The effect of using a pedal wheelchair began to appear at four weeks and thereafter. At six weeks, the pedal wheelchair group took significantly less time to walk the given distance than the control group. The results suggest that adding a pedal wheelchair exercise to regular rehabilitation programs has the effect of not only preventing a further decline in patients' walking ability but also improving this ability.
Key Words: Pedal wheelchair; Walking ability; Nursing care; Rehabilitation; Elderly