人々が健康で安心して働ける労働環境を目指して97年…

労働科学 90巻1号

印刷

坂口舞,三木明子
11病院看護師のパワーハラスメントの被害経験が外傷性ストレス反応に及ぼす影響
労働科学,90(1),1~13,(2014)
 看護師におけるパワーハラスメントの被害経験が外傷性ストレス反応に及ぼす影響を明らかにすることを目的とした。無記名自記式質問紙調査を実施し,11病院の看護師1,890名を分析した。外傷性ストレス反応を従属変数としたロジスティック回帰分析の結果,情報を与えてもらえなかった,仲間はずれにされた,間違いや誤りを繰り返し思い出させられた,無視された,仕事を監視された,沢山の仕事を与えられた等の行為を経験した者において,有意に外傷性ストレス反応が高かった。看護師へのメンタルヘルスケアを推進する上で,パワーハラスメント防止に向けた職場環境改善の必要性が示唆された。
キーワード:看護師;パワーハラスメント;外傷性ストレス反応;メンタルヘルスケア;職場環境改善

Mai SAKAGUCHI, Akiko MIKI
Influences of Workplace Bullying among 11 Hospital Nurses on Their Traumatic Stress Responses
THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE OF LABOUR,90(1),1~13,(2014)
This study aimed to clarify the influences of workplace bullying among nurses on their traumatic stress responses. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted, and replies from a total of 1,890 nurses working in 11 hospitals were analyzed. Logistic regression with the traumatic stress response as a dependent variable revealed that those with experience of being bullied, such as not being provided with necessary information, being excluded from a group of colleagues, being repeatedly reminded of past mistakes and errors, being ignored, being monitored, or being overworked, showed a markedly high traumatic stress response rate. The results of this study suggest the necessity of improving working environments and preventing workplace bullying to promote mental health care for nurses.
Key Words:Nurses;Workplace bullying;Traumatic stress response;
 Mental health care;Improvement of the work environment

佐藤百合,三木明子
病院看護師における仕事のストレス要因,コーピング特性,社会的支援がワーク・エンゲイジメントに及ぼす影響―経験年数別の比較―
労働科学,90(1),14~25,(2014)
 病院看護師の仕事のストレス要因,コーピング特性,社会的支援がワーク・エンゲイジメントに及ぼす影響を検討した。無記名自記式質問紙調査により1,194名を分析した。ワーク・エンゲイジメントを従属変数として重回帰分析を行った結果,共通して役割の曖昧さ,視点の転換が,経験年数1~3年で上司の支援,認知的要求,積極的問題解決,問題解決のための相談が,4~9年で上司の支援,婚姻状況,雇用形態が,10年以上で回避と抑制,婚姻状況,勤務形態が有意に関連していた。仕事の役割を明確にし,適切なコーピングを選択し,上司の支援の充実化を図ることが,仕事に対する活力や熱意が高い職場環境につながる可能性が示唆された。     
キーワード:病院看護師;ワーク・エンゲイジメント;仕事のストレス要因;コーピング特性;経験年数

Yuri SATO, Akiko MIKI
Influences of Job Stress, Coping Profile and Social Support on Work Engagement among Hospital Nurses -A Comparative Analysis According to Their Years of Clinical Experience-
THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE OF LABOUR,90(1),14~25,(2014)
 In this study, we investigated the influences of job stress, coping profile and social support on work engagement among hospital nurses. We conducted an anonymous self-completed questionnaire survey involving 1,194 subjects. As a result of multiple linear regression analysis with work engagement as the dependent variable, work engagement was significantly correlated with: ambiguous roles and changes in viewpoints in nurses with various years of experience; supervisors' support, cognitive requirements, active problem-solving, and consultations to resolve problems in those with 1 to 3 years of experience; supervisors' support, marital status, and type of employment in those with 4 to 9 years of experience; and avoidance/suppression, marital status, and working style in those with more than 9 years of experience. Our findings suggest that hospital nurses may become more motivated for and dedicated to their work if their roles are clarified, skills to cope with stress factors are developed among them, and supervisors' support for such professionals is promoted.
Key Words: Hospital nurses; Work engagement; Job stress factor; Coping profile; Years of clinical experience